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Title: Deep learning approach for diabetes prediction using PIMA Indian dataset
Authors: Naz H
Ahuja S.
Keywords: Data mining algorithms
Deep learning
Diabetes prediction
Neural network
PIMA Indian dataset.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Purpose: International Diabetes Federation (IDF) stated that 382 million people are living with diabetes worldwide. Over the last few years, the impact of diabetes has been increased drastically, which makes it a global threat. At present, Diabetes has steadily been listed in the top position as a major cause of death. The number of affected people will reach up to 629 million i.e. 48% increase by 2045. However, diabetes is largely preventable and can be avoided by making lifestyle changes. These changes can also lower the chances of developing heart disease and cancer. So, there is a dire need for a prognosis tool that can help the doctors with early detection of the disease and hence can recommend the lifestyle changes required to stop the progression of the deadly disease. Method: Diabetes if untreated may turn into fatal and directly or indirectly invites lot of other diseases such as heart attack, heart failure, brain stroke and many more. Therefore, early detection of diabetes is very significant so that timely action can be taken and the progression of the disease may be prevented to avoid further complications. Healthcare organizations accumulate huge amount of data including Electronic health records, images, omics data, and text but gaining knowledge and insight into the data remains a key challenge. The latest advances in Machine learning technologies can be applied for obtaining hidden patterns, which may diagnose diabetes at an early phase. This research paper presents a methodology for diabetes prediction using a diverse machine learning algorithm using the PIMA dataset. Results: The accuracy achieved by functional classifiers Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Naive Bayes (NB), Decision Tree (DT) and Deep Learning (DL) lies within the range of 90-98%. Among the four of them, DL provides the best results for diabetes onset with an accuracy rate of 98.07% on the PIMA dataset. Hence, this proposed system provides an effective prognostic tool for healthcare officials. The results obtained can be used to develop a novel automatic prognosis tool that can be helpful in early detection of the disease. Conclusion: The outcome of the study confirms that DL provides the best results with the most promising extracted features. DL achieves the accuracy of 98.07% which can be used for further development of the automatic prognosis tool. The accuracy of the DL approach can further be enhanced by including the omics data for prediction of the onset of the disease.
URI: 10.1007/s40200-020-00520-5
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