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Title: A smart approach for fire prediction under uncertain conditions using machine learning
Authors: Sharma R
Rani S
Memon I.
Keywords: Forest fires
Boosted decision trees
Machine learning
Predictive systems
Smart environment
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: One of the most ubiquitous cause of worldwide deforestation and devastation of wildlife is fire. To control fire and reach the forest area in time is not always possible. Consequently, the level of destruction is often high. Therefore, predicting fires well in time and taking immediate action is of utmost importance. However, traditional fire prediction approaches often fail to detect fire in time. Therefore, a more reliable approach like the Internet of Things (IoT) needs to be adopted. IoT sensors can not only observe the real-time conditions of an area, but it can also predict fire when combined with Machine learning. This paper provides an insight into the use of Machine Learning models towards the occurrence of forest fires. In this context, eight Machine Learning algorithms: Boosted Decision Trees, Decision Forest Classifier, Decision Jungle Classifier, Averaged Perceptron, 2-Class Bayes Point Machine, Local Deep Support Vector Machine (SVM), Logistic Regression and Binary Neural Network model have been implemented. Results suggest that the Boosted decision tree model with the Area Under Curve (AUC) value of 0.78 is the most suitable candidate for a fire prediction model. Based on the results, we propose a novel IoT-based smart Fire prediction system that would consider both meteorological data and images for early fire prediction.
URI: 10.1007/s11042-020-09347-x
Appears in Collections:Journals

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