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Title: Exploring the molecular role of endostatin in diabetic neuropathy
Authors: Mukherjee T
Behl T
Sehgal A
Bhatia S
Singh H
Bungau S
Keywords: Angiogenesis
Collagen XVIII
Diabetic neuropathy
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Molecular Biology Reports
Abstract: For over a decade, diabetic neuropathy has exhibited great emergence in diabetic patients. Though there are numerous impediments in understanding the underlying pathology it is not that enough to conclude. Initially, there was no intricate protocol for diagnosis as its symptoms mimic most of the neurodegenerative disorders and demyelinating diseases. Continuous research on this, reveals many pathological correlates which are also detectable clinically. The most important pathologic manifestation is imbalanced angiogenesis/neo-vascularization. This review is completely focused on established pathogenesis and anti-angiogenic agents which are physiological signal molecules by the origin. Those agents can also be used externally to inhibit those pathogenic pathways. Pathologically DN demonstrates the misbalanced expression of many knotty factors like VEGF, FGF2, TGFb, NF-kb, TNF-a, MMP, TIMP, and many minor factors. Their pathway towards the incidence of DN is quite interrelated. Many anti-angiogenic agents inhibit neovascularization to many extents, but out of them predominantly inhibition of angiogenic activity is shared by endostatin which is now in clinical trial phase II. It inhibits almost all angiogenic factors and it is possible because they share interrelated pathogenesis towards imbalanced angiogenesis. Endostatin is a physiological signal molecule produced by the proteolytic cleavage of collagen XVIII. It has also a broad research profile in the field of medical research and further investigation can show promising therapeutic effects for benefit of mankind.
URI: 10.1007/s11033-021-06205-3
Appears in Collections:Journals

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